Details About We Are Children of Earth and Sky Images

We Are Children of Earth and Sky
We Are Children of Earth and Sky Image Layout

Oren Lyons: “When we walk upon Mother Earth, we always plant our feet carefully because we know the faces of our future generations are looking up at us from beneath the ground. We never forget them.” Commencement Address (2005)
John Trudell: “If we respect our Creator, then we should use our intelligence as intelligently as we can as often as we can. And that means with clarity and coherence. That means to activate and respect our intelligence and activate the thinking process so that it’s going the way we want it to be because that’s why it was given to us. Our intelligence—as the human being part of all of this reality that’s going on, we were given intelligence, this is what was there to help us through the evolutionary reality—to ride the balance, so to speak, of the evolution with our intelligence. It’s our medicine, it’s our protection, it’s our self-defense.” What It Means To Be A Human Being (2001)


We Are Children of Earth and Sky Details

  1. The Six Nations Confederacy was and is likened to a longhouse  —  LINK
    By John Kahionhes Fadden. Part of The Six Nations: Oldest Living Participatory Democracy on Earth
    The people of the Six Nations, also known by the French term, Iroquois[1] Confederacy, call themselves the Hau de no sau nee (ho dee noe sho nee) meaning People Building a Long House. Located in the northeastern region of North America, originally the Six Nations was five and included the Mohawks, Oneidas, Onondagas, Cayugas, and Senecas. The sixth nation, the Tuscaroras, migrated into Iroquois country in the early eighteenth century. Together these peoples comprise the oldest living participatory democracy on earth. Their story, and governance truly based on the consent of the governed, contains a great deal of life-promoting intelligence for those of us not familiar with this area of U.S. American history. The original United States representative democracy, fashioned by such central authors as Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson, drew much inspiration from this confederacy of nations. In our present day, we can benefit immensely, in our quest to establish anew government truly dedicated to all Life’s needs and response abilities much as has been practiced by the Hau de no sau nee for over 800 years.
  2. The real found fathers of America  —  LINK
    Image first found here: Yara Coelho: “Selling tourism on indigenous sacred land what can we do? Heart of a Vagabond”. Including this link as it is well conceived and expresses intelligence with clarity and coherence. As she writes, “One of the most controversial sites; Mount Rushmore, a popular tourist attraction, is located in the Black Hills, which the Sioux tribes consider to be sacred and have territorial claims to based on an 1868 treaty which stated the lands to be Native territories forever. Shortly after that treaty was signed, gold was discovered in the region, and the U.S. Congress eventually passed a law taking over the land. Many indigenous people have expressed their disgust and offense for this site, not only for the stolen land, but for the carving of the faces of the presidents responsible for the genocides along the centuries. On an interview for the National Geographic, White Plume an Oglala Sioux elder expressed his feelings: ‘The leaders of the people who have broken every treaty with my people have their faces carved into our most holy place. Do you have an equivalent?’ ” Yara found it at Indian Country Today, “A Different View of Mount Rushmore.
  3. Mother Earth’s Wisdom:
    • Dennis Banks  —  LINK
      Nowacumig-Dennis Banks, co-founder of the American Indian Movement joins the ancestors at age 80: “For 30 years, I was AIM’s field director. People always said that wherever AIM was, there was trouble. That wasn’t true. AIM went to where the trouble was. We were called. The worst field case was on a Navajo reservation. I got a call from Larry Anderson who said that there had been some brutal killings on a Navajo reservation. I had the resources to fly there. It was a grizzly murder. Larry started organizing a march. As it turned out, there was a cult, white Aryan guys. Their initiation was to kill a Navajo. They killed five of them. That was the worst place we were. I was a point person. There will be a thousand books written about the American Indian Movement and hundreds of personal stories. If our stories can fill the households and if they can be told around every fire, then we will surely have implanted a deep sense of responsibility in our people.”
    • Winona LaDuke  —  LINK
      How to Be Better Ancestors:
      “How long are you going to let others determine the future for your children? Are we not warriors? When our ancestors went to battle they didn’t know what the consequences would be, all they knew is that if they did nothing, things would not go well for their children. Do not operate out of a place of fear, operate out of hope. Because with hope anything is possible.”
      We Are the Seventh Generation: “The paradigm that got us into this is not going to get us out. If you are so poor in your judgement for 150 years, and you destroy so much of the forest and you can’t drink the water, you’re not so smart, are you? … I look at my territory and wonder, what if we did it right someplace? What if instead of turning Puerto Rico back into the dysfunctional colony that’s under the Jones Act, … [w]hat if we got behind Puerto Rico at this moment when everyone’s looking at them to give them what they need, which is local food, local solar. I was on my phone today with Standing Rock. … they are working on a solar project. I talked to my staff about it…. He said they’re doing this new solar project and they’re ready. I said I’m going to try to help out, because I feel like when we left there we weren’t done. Those people need justice. So our organization, Honor the Earth, is going to try to help them get some solar, because I would like to see justice for that community because what happened to them wasn’t right.”
    • Oren Lyons  —  LINK
      2005 Commencement Address: “When we walk upon Mother Earth, we always plant our feet carefully because we know the faces of our future generations are looking up at us from beneath the ground. We never forget them.”
      1991 interview: “[W]hen you’re dealing in the time of an oak tree or a time of one of the great Sequoias and you kill that tree [with] your technology today. You can take a chainsaw and in 10 minutes kill a tree that’s 400 years old. There’s no way that you can make that tree grow. You’ll have to wait another 400 years for it to get to that position. So the technology has overtaken the common sense of human beings and the understanding of time. And just as the time of the ant is very, very short, the time of the mountain is very long, the rivers. The time of the human being has to be passed along. And if you don’t have a reference point, if you don’t have a good understanding of what this time is, then you can get yourself and your people and your generation into a whole lot of trouble.”
    • Leonard Peltier  —  LINK
      When the Truth Doesn’t Matter: “The United States Government keeps me imprisoned to justify the continuing abuses against, not only Native American people, but anyone who seeks to fight criminal abuses such as those committed and/or aided by the FBI on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation between 1973-1976. This Country has waged, and continues to wage, war not just against native Americans but against any form of domestic political dissent. Secret domestic intelligence programs, such as the well documented Cointelpro program [film documentary and documents] and the Patriot Act, have eroded and destroy the constitutional rights and liberties of all peoples of this Nation…. What I was not allowed to introduce into evidence was the indisputable evidence that United States Government and a corrupt tribal government committed war crimes against the Oglala people during the so-called ‘Reign of Terror,’ from 1973-1976. Yet, these crimes have never been investigated, and, if anything, they have been ignored and certain propagandists have revised history to say they never occurred, similar to those who espouse that the genocide of Native American people never occurred in the Americas.”
    • JohnTrudell  —  LINK
      What It Means To Be A Human Being:
      “[B]ecause … we come from where we come from, every one of us is the descendant of a tribe. Every person in this room is a descendant of a tribe at some point in our ancestral evolution. Common, collective, genetic memory that’s in there, you know, that’s encoded, like I say, in the DNA. And for every individual, encoded in our individual DNA, alright?, is the experience of our lineage from the very beginning. Whose whole perceptional reality was what I was just saying: all things have being, we’re made up of the Earth – all my relations, pray to spirits. See, and they didn’t pray to man or human form. The closest they came to it was they prayed to spirits that were called ancestors.
      “Alright? And because they were praying to those ancestors for help and guidance, they understood that we were borrowing today from the past and the future. We’re borrowing it from both places…. they knew that to keep the balance was the purpose. That was the purpose. The reason for being was to keep the balance. So this was like, you know, what I will call a spiritual perception of reality. And so because of the spiritual perception of reality they understood that life was about responsibility. It wasn’t about the abstraction of freedom – it was about responsibility….
      “Now whoever it is we pray to, right?, whoever it is we pray to, however we pray, whatever, however we do that, alright?, I think that we have an obligation and a responsibility and it’s about respect. If we respect our Creator, then we should use our intelligence as intelligently as we can as often as we can. And that means with clarity and coherence. That means to activate and respect our intelligence and activate the thinking process so that it’s going the way we want it to be because that’s why it was given to us.“
    • Suzan Shown Harjo  —  LINK
      Carlisle Indian School’s History Must Be Preserved So Those Who Suffered Aren’t Forgotten: “Carlisle Indian Industrial School (CIIS), the first federal Indian boarding school, was located in western Pennsylvania, and steeped in military history and excesses, including corporal punishment for Indian children…. Another nearby plaque memorializes Captain Richard Henry Pratt, CIIS Founding Superintendent, 1879-1904…. Pratt’s plaque highlights his efforts at ‘civilizing’ Indians, which he once described this way: ‘In Indian civilization, I am a Baptist, because I believe in immersing the Indians in our civilization and when we get them under, holding them there until they are thoroughly soaked.’ CIIS has been spit-shined to give an impression that it was merely a finishing school, but it was a breeding ground for dysfunction, where children were abused and learned to be abusive to others or themselves, or to disassociate or to be poor parents. By the time CIIS closed in 1918, more than 10,000 Native young people had been drenched, if not drowned, in ‘civilization.’ Thunderbird and Nellie were among the first hostage-students at CIIS in 1879, sent half a continent away by train. Their hair was cut short; scratchy uniforms and hard shoes replaced soft clothes and moccasins; medicine pouches and sacred objects were confiscated. When they didn’t learn English or Bible verses fast enough or when they spoke or prayed or sang in their heritage languages, their mouths were rubbed raw and blistered with lye soap.”
    • Wilma Mankiller  —  LINK
      Introduction, Reflections on American Indian History: Honoring the Past, Building a Future: “The knowledge and culture of indigenous people hold many potential gifts for the world. One of the most important challenges of our time is to figure out the best way to capture and maintain traditional knowledge systems. Whenever a traditional elder passes on, they take with them thousands of years of unique knowledge that had been passed down from generation to generation. This tribal knowledge gives Native people a sense of identity, of belonging, of knowing their place in the world. In the larger society around us, there is little recognition of the importance of maintaining traditional indigenous knowledge. In some cases, our people remain objects of curiosity instead of people with important knowledge to share….
      “To be sure, tribal cultures have been dramatically affected by the world around them, but in every community, no matter how troubled, one can find a core group of people who are responsible for maintaining a strong sense of community and working to maintain tribal values, traditions, and lifeways. It is remarkable that indigenous people continue to value traditional knowledge after the staggering amount of adversity they have faced. Certainly our attachment to tribal values has contributed to our survival and well-being. If we are still standing after everything that has happened to us historically, surely we can be optimistic about the future.
      “Native people have suffered great losses. Some indigenous languages have vanished, while others are endangered. Some of the old ceremonies have been lost over time, and our communities are no longer as intact as they once were. But ancient traditional knowledge and values, such as reciprocity and a sense of interdependence with one another and with the land, continue to inform the contemporary lives of indigenous people. They are held together in relationships and interdependence by a common understanding of history, culture, and, most important, values.”
    • Jeannette Armstrong  —  LINK
      Jeannette Armstrong: Indigenous Economics:
      “When I think of my grandmother I know that the soil and the plants and the animals and the birds are my ancestors. They have fed on our bones, on our lives. They have fed each other and us and we have sustained the reciprocity that is a gift to every living thing on that land. That is indigenous economics. My Grandmother is wise in her wisdom, in her knowledge in the ways that that place needs to be.
      “The point to me seems obvious, that the root of today’s problem is how humans chose to live insulated from nature’s mediation of their behavior within a system of reciprocities in which everything that takes must also give. I can also see that it has something to do with a belief in ever increasing the insulation from nature’s economic requirements of us as humans in the way we are. It has been at great cost. A cost we cannot afford. We are now in deep, deep, deep debt. It has been but a few thousand years, this idea of civilization. This civilization grounded in the belief that the Grandmother is wild and needs taming and that Indigenous Peoples are wild and need taming.
      “First they tamed Grandmother to make things. Taking things, easy to take without giving back. Taming the land. Agriculture was a way first to increase human advantage to sustenance. However, it also increased populations that now needed more and more and so more land was taken from other living things.
      “Agriculture needed easier tools in order to produce more and more. Then it created a need of tools for war in order to keep the tamed lands and tools to take more land from more peoples. Then it was necessary to make more war tools so taking was easier. It was necessary to make more tools and to teach people to run the new tools to feed their families. It was necessary to make them believe that they could be wealthy and thus happy. It creates junk-ease.”
    • Russell Means  —  LINK
      Matriarchy Part I: “When I talk about patriarchy vis-a-vis matriarchy it’s asking for the impossible, because as you know patriarchy is based on production. So in order to get a world we want to live in we have to have a paradigm shift, a major paradigm shift; one that is millions of years old, and that’s matriarchy. Now it’s not simply what the uninitiated (to be kind) would say. They’d say, ‘Well, that’s when women take over.’ No. Matriarchy is not about who takes over. Matriarchy is all about balance, it’s a balanced society. Now when we look at patriarchy, we understand the pyramid structure, the religions are—the male is that, is God. Whatever name they go by Jehovah, Allah, Buddha. Name it. It’s a man. But matriarchy, we are not interested in trying to explain the unexplainable. What we do know, we do know that life here, life here on earth is all about balance. It’s every living being staying together and working together, sacrificing together and giving together, sharing together. That’s how I look at life. That’s how indigenous people the world over look at life. It’s in balance. And in order to be in balance we of course have to celebrate what? The universe. The universe is our tabernacle. It’s this: it’s what we can see and feel. Our time is based on the lunar calendar, not the patriarchal calendar….”
  4. ZapanteraNegra  —  LINK
    Source is a Castilian site: “‘Zapanteras Negras’: el arte y la palabra como arma de lucha,” translated: “‘Black Shoemakers’: art and the word as a weapon of struggle.”
    “Zapanteras Negras is a project that generates a space in which two of the most important social movements of recent global history converge. Two movements that have developed in different times, places and contexts. But they have in common the use of the image and the word as a weapon of struggle and as the main means of communication.
    “The Black Panther Party, which was founded in 1966 and inspired by the ideas of Malcolm X and Franz Fanon, was one of the most important movements in the fight against the racial discrimination of the black population and the confrontation against the racist government of the United States. Under the ideological slogan of Black Power, the party claimed ten points based on rights related to freedom, education, housing, and in general the recognition of the civil rights of the African-American people. Three decades later, on January 1, 1994, the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN) initiated an armed movement in Chiapas (Mexico), known as the Zapatista Uprising. Its main demand is respect for the rights of indigenous peoples, access to work, land, shelter, food, health, education, as well as independence, freedom, democracy, justice and peace.”
  5. Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz  —  LINK
    An Indigenous Peoples’ History of the United States (p.9) “US history, as well as inherited indigenous trauma, cannot be understood without dealing with the genocide that the United States committed against indigenous peoples. From the colonial period through the founding of the United States and continuing in the twenty-first century, this has entailed torture, terror, sexual abuse, massacres, systematic military occupations, removals of indigenous peoples from their ancestral territories, and removals of indigenous children to military-like boarding schools. The absence of even the slightest note of regret or tragedy in the annual celebration of the US independence betrays a deep disconnect in the consciousness of US Americans….”
    Real News Interview: “[John Grenier is] a military historian. He’s actually a professor of military history at the Air Force College. I couldn’t believe they allow their people to write these things. But that book came out just in time for me. I knew all this stuff, but it’s very small and dense and well-researched. And it has that perspective. And it was the first time I had those arguments where it’s also connected up with the present. His whole point is that what we see in Afghanistan and Iraq, what we saw in Vietnam, what we saw in all of these U.S. interventions is a playing out again of this American way of war that was forged before the United States was even a state, with the colonial settlers. Being a settler state, it was the colonial militias. That’s why they were so adamant about putting the Second Amendment in. Those colonial militias were to kill Indians.”
  6. Water Protectors Return to Standing Rock—This Time for Healing  —  LINK
    By Josué Rivas: “Meditation: The fire doesn’t speak English, Spanish, or French. The fire speaks a language older than our understanding, and in order for us to communicate, we must humble ourselves. The fire never ends because it is lit inside our hearts. Together we are standing strong.”
  7. The School of Living  —  LINK
    In the 1920’s Ralph Borsodi became concerned with the problems of urbanized society and left the city to build his first homestead. He founded the School of Living in 1934 to empower others to achieve a more fulfilling and self sufficient life. He was soon joined by Mildred Loomis who continued and expanded the work until her death. Our current collective continues to work actively for the fulfillment of many of the ideals and movements to which we have been dedicated for many years. SoL’s area of study touches on every aspect of people and society. Historically we have played a pivotal role in movements supporting: organic agriculture, consumer rights, cooperatives and worker owned businesses, tax abolition, geonomics, appropriate technology, neighborhood and community rights and control. Today SoL is actively engaged in: community land trust, intentional community support, permaculture, ecological use of resources, human scale and local self reliance, appropriate technology, alternative education, consensus decision making, non-exploitive banking, and alternative currency.
  8. PANTHER Power to the People… Then and Now  —  LINK
    Image from The Black Panther Filmography by Doniphan Blair. See complete 2015 movie at Internet Archive: Stanley Nelson: The Black Panthers: Vanguard of the Revolution (1:53:25); See Also massive archive/treasure trove: It’s About Time – Black Panther Party Legacy & Alumni
  9. Spotted Elk, dead and frozen following Wounded Knee Massacre, 29 Dec 1890  —  LINK
    Dr. Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz, “U.S. Settler-Colonialism and Genocide Policies against Native Americans”:
    “The so-called ‘Indian Wars’ technically ended around 1880, although the Wounded Knee massacre occurred a decade later. Clearly an act with genocidal intent, it is still officially considered a ‘battle’ in the annals of US military genealogy. Congressional Medals of Honor were bestowed on twenty of the soldiers involved. A monument was built at Fort Riley, Kansas, to honor the soldiers killed by friendly fire. A battle streamer was created to honor the event and added to other streamers that are displayed at the Pentagon, West Point, and army bases throughout the world. L. Frank Baum, a Dakota Territory settler later famous for writing The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, edited the Aberdeen Saturday Pioneer at the time. Five days after the sickening event at Wounded Knee, on January 3, 1891, he wrote, ‘The Pioneer has before declared that our only safety depends upon the total extermination of the Indians. Having wronged them for centuries we had better, in order to protect our civilization, follow it up by one or more wrong and wipe these untamed and untamable creatures from the face of the earth.’ ”
  10. Mother Intifada  —  LINK
    James Douglass writing in the Preface of The Nonviolent Coming Of God (1991):
    “I first saw Mother Intifada, the painting on the cover of this book, in December 1989 as a poster on the wall of a United Nations clinic in Gaza. Its portrayal of the Palestinian uprising struck me immediately as a vision of the nonviolent coming of God…. [T]hrough a providential introduction, the artist of Mother Intifada, Sliman Mansour, gave me permission to have his creation grace the cover of The Nonviolent Coming of God…. I see in it the Compassion of God giving birth to a new humanity. I believe Mansour has captured the essence of our hope, what Jesus meant by the kingdom of God. Mother Intifada represents the coming of that nonviolent kingdom, the birth of that new humanity of God which is now spreading around the world.
    “Yet there is also a question in Mother Intifada, as there is in the intifada itself. The new people being born in the dawn light from the womb of Mother Intifada, and approaching us at the bottom of Mansour’s painting, are going in different directions. The beginning, nonviolent life of this revolution can turn in various ways. Will the children of Mother Intifada take only life-giving paths?
    “The question is addressed to us all, especially with the coming of the Persian Gulf War. Before that whirlpool of violence began to suck humankind into it, a nonviolent transformation of our world was more clearly visible. What the greatness of God had released through the lives of Mohandas Gandhi, Martin Luther King, and millions of other nonviolent practitioners in the world, could be seen transforming humanity. In our time of total destruction, the nonviolent coming of God was at hand. It is still at hand—a coming of God no farther away than the hands God has given us. Yet as the United States and its enemies threaten every conceivable violence on each other, annihilation also remains imminent. Set in the widening evil of the Persian Gulf War, the nonviolent transformation portrayed by Mother Intifada is far more than a tragically outdated vision. It is a prophetic imperative to us all: Be thus reborn as a global people by your Nonviolent God, or be annihilated by a desert storm beyond the imagination of presidents and generals.
    “We can live out the imperative of transformation by acting on a faith in the nonviolent coming of God. Being precedes action. Our Nonviolent God initiates the changes we have not yet fully chosen. Nothing is predetermined. Yet our transformation is underway; it is our deepest reality; it is beginning to surface in nonviolent movements everywhere. If we open our eyes, as Martin Luther King did, we can still see the beloved community coming into being. We can see peacemakers, justice-makers, giving their lives to God, in an earth-encircling Love that will transform even the carnage of the Persian Gulf War. We do have the capacity to destroy ourselves. But our very freedom is so profoundly an expression of Compassionate Love, as in the people born from Mother Intifada, that we can have faith in our ultimately choosing the beloved community. God’s upside-down kingdom for the poor and the oppressed is at hand—a kingdom where we love our enemies and are saved by them as the Jew in the ditch, in Jesus’ parable, was saved by the enemy Samaritan. In the nuclear age that kingdom where we resist evil nonviolently and realize transformation through our enemy, must come. It will come. It is coming now.”
  11. Ubuntu: “I am what I am, because of who we all are”  —  LINK
    “An anthropologist proposed a game to the kids in an African tribe. He put a basket of fruit near a tree and told the kids that the first one to find the fruits would win them all. When he told them to run they all took each others hands and ran together, then sat together, enjoying their fruits. When he asked them why they ran like that as one could’ve taken all the fruits for one’s self, they said: ‘Ubuntu, How can one of us be happy if all the other ones are sad?’ ”
    From “‘Saving economics from the economists’: My dialogue with a young economist.” Includes a suggested first year module for all students majoring in economics: Ubuntu Economics: Economics for Meaning, Social Justice and the Common GoodWhere we connect our intellect with our humanity.
  12. Indigenous Rising  —  LINK
    A project of the Indigenous Environmental Network, Indigenous Rising engages direct action: new media elevating Indigenous Peoples voices across Turtle Island.
    “Indigenous Peoples are Rising Up in Solidarity to defend our Rights as Indigenous Peoples; to protect the Sacredness of, the Territorial Integrity of, and Rights of (Grandmother) Mother Earth; and the Rights of Future Generations. We are building solidarity from the Global South to the North to fulfill our sacred duties, listening to the teachings of our elders and the voices of our youth and women, to act wisely to carry out our responsibilities to enhance the health and respect the sacredness of Mother Earth, and to demand climate justice now. Indigenous Peoples will not stand idle as we tell the world the Earth is the source of life to be protected, not merely a resource to be exploited.
    “Many proposals already contain key elements needed to build new systemic alternatives. Some examples include: Buen Vivir (living well); recognition of Indigenous territories, tenure ship and title to land; the rights of Mother Earth – rights of Nature; food sovereignty; rights to Water and rights of Water; prosperity without growth; de-globalization; and the duties to and rights of future generations. This inseparable relationship between humans and the Earth must be respected for the sake of all Life, future generations and people of the world. We urge all humanity to join with us in transforming the social structures, institutions and power relations that underpin our deprivation, oppression and exploitation.”
    Meet Sitting Bull’s Great Great Granddaughter.
  13. Global Seed Network challenges corporate consolidation of the seed supply  —  LINK
    The Global Seed Network is uniting seed savers to create an independent and diverse seed supply. Preserve plant diversity and protect our public food system from corporate consolidation by saving, posting, and sharing seeds with a global community of farmers and gardeners. How it Works Local Meets Global: the seed network expands your local neighborhood to a global community of gardeners and farmers from regions with similar growing conditions. Conserving seed diversity is critical to ensuring food security and agricultural viability in the future. Even as organic and agroecological farming systems are proven to halt the processes of climate chaos, local and regional climates have been affected. By sharing and exchanging seeds grown in areas around the world, users can find seeds that will thrive in their unique or changing conditions.
  14. DEFEND THE SACRED Standing Rock Water Protectors  —  LINK
    No Dakota Access Pipeline #NODAPL Archives: “Most camps in Standing Rock are closed, due to the military-industrial complex flexing its muscles, and some unpleasant rez politics. There are over 80 pages on this website to explore. This front page is left up as-is for historical purposes.”
    See Also: Massive #StandingRockSyllabus – NYC Stands with Standing Rock:
    “The different sections and articles place what is happening now in a broader historical, political, economic, and social context going back over 500 years to the first expeditions of Columbus, the founding of the United States on institutionalized slavery, private property, and dispossession, and the rise of global carbon supply and demand. Indigenous peoples around the world have been on the frontlines of conflicts like Standing Rock for centuries. This syllabus brings together the work of Indigenous and allied activists and scholars: anthropologists, historians, environmental scientists, and legal scholars, all of whom contribute important insights into the conflicts between Indigenous sovereignty and resource extraction. While our primary goal is to stop the Dakota Access Pipeline, we recognize that Standing Rock is one frontline of many around the world. This syllabus can be a tool to access research usually kept behind paywalls, or a resource package for those unfamiliar with Indigenous histories and politics. Share, add, and discuss using the hashtag #StandingRockSyllabus on Facebook, Twitter, or other social media. Like those on frontlines, we are here for as long as it takes.”